Indian Government Courts Tesla for Manufacturing

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Inside Tesla’s Fremont, CA plant. ( Image courtesy of Tesla Motors. )

Is Tesla the future of electric vehicles (EVs)?

There are certainly skeptics, but if the automotive startup is to have any chance of becoming a major player then it must expand. However , Tesla can’t expect to achieve a global impact without opening at least one manufacturing facility in Asia.

The Indian government appears to agree and its Minister of Road Transport, Highways and Shipping, Nitin Gadkari, has been campaigning to make India Tesla’s Asian producing hub. Gadkari recently visited the company’s Fremont, California plant to plead his case.

According to an official statement from the Indian authorities, the minister offered Tesla land near major Indian ports to facilitate the export of its vehicles to South and South East Asian countries.

“Tesla senior executives admitted that their manufacturing hub has to be outside the US for markets in the rest of the globe and appreciated the Indian offer you of cooperation, that they said will undoubtedly be considered at the appropriate amount of time in the future certainly, ” the statement read. “They said India is a market because of their next generation definitely, low priced, sustainable Model 3. ”

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Elon Musk with Indian Primary Minister Narendra Modi.

Indian Primary Minister Narendra Modi visited Tesla Motors this past year also, as part of his federal government ’s initiative to encourage EV transportation in the national nation.

“Replying to particular queries from the Transfer and Highways Minister regarding production of electric trucks, two-wheelers and buses, the Tesla team said they will have future plans for pick-right up and trucks vans, however, not buses and two-wheelers, ” the statement read.

Tesla: Made in India?

Although Tesla has repeatedly referred to its Fremont plant’s ideal production capacity as approximately 500, 000 cars per year, the ongoing company is projecting to make 90, 000 vehicles in 2016.

Elon Musk’s Master Plan, Component Deux predicts that “ somewhere within a 5 to 10-fold enhancement is achievable by version 3 on a roughly 2- calendar year iteration cycle. ”

Provided the characterization of the initial Design 3 factory as “ edition 0. 5, with version 1 . 0 in 2018 probably, ” Tesla won’t depend on full production capacity until 2022. Basically, the business won’t actually soon have to expand anytime, which makes the chance of India getting Tesla’s Asian making hub a fairly distant one.

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Bajaj Auto plant inside Pune, India. (Image thanks to Bajaj Auto. )

Nevertheless, suppose Tesla does reach the main point where it’s seriously considering a manufacturing unit in Asia. Does India maximize sense? The company’s insufficient fascination with buses and two-wheeled vehicles shows that India is not a perfect market for Tesla.

China could support significantly more luxury vehicle sales while potentially matching or even beating India’s land and labor costs. In fact, Jon McNeill, Tesla’s president of global sales, has formerly implied that the company’s next factory could very well be in China.

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What Is High-Performance Computing and How Can Engineers Use It?

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Interconnected nodes of an HPC system.

High-performance computing (HPC) is becoming a lot more popular and important in the world of engineering. But defining what HPC figuring and is out how it can be deployed to aid designers could be tricky. And, truthfully, it shouldn’t be this way. In this write-up, I’m going to present an obvious definition of what HPC will be, how it could be effectively used in engineering and what kind of HPC solutions are on the market today. By the end of this article, you should have clear watch of how HPC might help your engineering exercise and what HPC choices will best work for you.

What Is HPC?

What takes its HPC system is really a difficult matter to pin lower. Some would say that a HPC system is the exact same as a traditional supercomputer, and others disagree, saying that a HPC can be a cluster of machines linked together across a fast local area network. What’s more, now tips like the cloud possess entered into the HPC discussion begging the relevant question, does a firm even have to own a HPC system?

In the finish, HPC is about the aggregation of computing sources to solve complex problems that can’t be tackled by a workstation. Following on that definition, some of you will say, doesn’t that mean that high-performance computers are usually supercomputers? To which I’d need to answer, no .

Supercomputers certainly are a specialized subset of HPC which are reserve from ordinary clusters of machines . Sure, supercomputers like those on the TOP 500 list aggregate computing capacity to make short function of a few of the world’s almost all complicated problems, but they’re furthermore governed by customized software, oftentimes purposefully written for every problem being addressed. Add to that the fact that supercomputers contain, in the most powerful cases, millions of cores and can cost millions of dollars to run each year, and you begin to visit a gulf in course between supercomputers along with other high-performance computer systems. For the purposes, those supercomputers aren’t exactly like the HPC systems that a lot of engineers would use to increase their style cycles or optimize their styles. Still, it must be noted that lots of engineers working on today’s most difficult problems are vying for time on the world’s most powerful computers.

So, what would a high-performance computer system that an everyday engineer would use look like?

To begin with, most HPC systems are designed around a processor and something or even more GPUs in a RAID array. GPUs play a crucial role in HPC performance since they can take on probably the most severe computation, making the CPU to accomplish the yeoman’s work of running applications. The reason behind this strategy comes down to the differences in how GPUs and CPUs are created. Traditionally, CPUs contain various cores which are optimized for serial processing. However, GPUs contain many more little cores that are included in a massively parallel architecture. Because each one of these little cores can do a tiny bit of work in parallel with the thousands of cores around them, complex issues can be efficiently broken down and solved. But more on that afterwards.

Forms of HPC Systems:

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A cluster computer.

Today that we’ve got a simple understanding concerning the nuts and bolt of what drives a HPC program, it’s time and energy to look at some typically common HPC configurations.

It could come as a surprise, but a HPC scheme might not appear too alien. Instead, a HPC scheme might look like a cluster of workstations simply, distributed across an office plus linked with a fast LAN together. Of course , apart from each of these devices (called nodes in the world of HPC), there’d also be a master machine that would run a piece of off-the-shelf simulation software and marshal the unused resources of a cluster to handle the job of solving the day’s almost all fiendish design problem.

Similar to the networked node schema, another HPC configuration revolves around a centralized server rack or racks that can be tied together to crunch big calculations. Aside from being located in a central place, a server can be used as a HPC system that’s solely dedicated to solving complex problems with all of its processing might.

In addition to machines which are located at a company physically, high-performance computers may also be called down from the cloud in a number of different configurations. Actually, cloud-based HPC is rapidly becoming one of the most popular HPC options due to its low cost and ease of use. With cloud-based HPC, massive and scalable amounts of computing power can be called down from a Web browser and used when and where a company needs it.
While workstation-, today server- or cloud-based HPC configurations will be the norm, soon, HPC could branch out and commence to make use of the small processors that run our cell phones. Provided the ubiquity of phones across the globe, it doesn’t seem too far a stretch to imagine a generous cell phone owner downloading an app that can control a cellphone and make use of its processing strength when it enters a particular mode or throughout a certain user-specified time of day. In fact , this type of computing has already been done.

Still, it’ll likely be a while before cellphone owners begin sharing their computing energy. However , I can definitely imagine a time in which some industrious programmer ( or perhaps a behemoth like Amazon) evolves an app which allows phone proprietors to earn credits or smaller amounts of cash for every equation that their phone solves.

Now think about that sort of computing strength being lassoed together in a million-processor, possibly even billion-processor, scale. That could be an incredible HPC configuration.

Where Can HPC Be Used by Engineers?

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Computational fluid dynamics help engineers make design decisions. (Image courtesy of Wikipedia. )

When it comes to engineering uses for HPC, the most obvious answer is, needless to say, simulation. Computer simulation is really a numbers game where digital models are usually pitted against simulated physics to look for the model’s viability. Needless to say, many calculation need to be solved for a simulation to end up being valid, making simulation a prime candidate for HPC.

While most workstations today can handle FEA calculations and some degree of multivariable design queries, when it comes to the higher end, multiphysics simulations, there’s no substitute for a HPC scheme just.

But , why exactly may HPC schemes change lives with regards to complex multiphysics or even computational liquid dynamics calculations? The answer boils down to parallel computing.

Parallel computing is really a straightforward concept fairly. With parallel computing, big or complex problems are broken down into smaller pieces so that more manageable calculations can be made to solve the larger whole. In an HPC scheme, a central, or master, computer breaks down a complex problem and assigns a portion of that problem to a node. Once the node receives its portion of the nagging problem, it will crunch the info it’s given and return an outcome to the master personal computer. That process will continue across every node in a HPC scheme until the larger problem is ultimately solved.

But before we get too far down that rabbit hole, let’s return to simulation, one of the best ways that engineers can leverage HPC.

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Airbus’ generatively designed aircraft partition. (Image Courtesy of Airbus)

As it is possible to tell from its title, multiphysics simulation is really a complex subject. Generally, multiphysics simulation attempts to find out how several closely related normal phenomena will affect a style . For example , multiphysics simulations might take into account how a fluid will flow through a channel based on its chemical composition and viscosity or how turbulence will undoubtedly be created by a surface area as it moves by way of a fluid. Usually, multiphysics simulation needs solving paired partial differential equations, a degree of math that is time consuming for some and might be impossible for others (i. e. me). Than busting the brains of an engineer rather, HPC systems may be used to tackle these kinds of equations in short purchase, speeding up style cycles and producing an engineering team better.

A new subset of simulation (though in addition, it borders on design ) that also benefits from HPC is generative design. Generative design mixes parametric modeling having an evolutionary design to explore design permutations. Guided by constraints and rules which are prescribed by a designer, generative style can iterate through various hundred as well as thousands of design solutions, learning from each one on its way to building an optimized (or multiple optimized) geometric solution.

In practice, generative design has been used extensively in architecture; however , today, engineers are beginning to leverage the technology. For instance, Airbus has an ambitious task to reimagine the business airliner as a whole. By using generative design, Airbus engineers took the initial step in this multidecade project currently.
In its first try to change just how that airplanes are built, Airbus decided to reduce the structure and fat of its compartment partitions even though still retaining their overall power. Through the use of generative design, Airbus discovered that its partitions could possibly be made 30 % lighter while also becoming more powerful. Given that Airbus’ generative algorithm produced many hundred iterations of its partition, it’s no wonder why HPC, in the form of cloud computing, was used to crunch this huge task.

Though simulation and generative design are two of the most obvious avenues for engineers to use HPC, the Internet of Things (IoT) could have the biggest effect on HPC’s future.

As of this very moment, companies around the world are packing their items and factories filled with sensors designed to collect data and document on user and machine behavior. Companies that have bought into the IoT revolution believe that the more data they collect, the better they can optimize product development ( by having a better understanding of what customers want), product design (by understanding how customers are using a product ) and production (by knowing how a machine is operating, optimizing material supply and much more).

With all of this new data being generated by products flung all over the world, reliable and powerful HPC systems will undoubtedly be had a need to collect that given information, sort through it and seem sensible of what it’s saying.

Because IoT is approaching on so strong and customers appear to be interested in connected products, it would be a shock if HPC use didn’t begin to grow at an unprecedented rate-which leads me to my final point.

HPC and Infinite Computing:

Since the microprocessor’s invention in the 1970s, computing has become less expensive and more ubiquitous. In fact , within an article created for Wired, Autodesk’s CEO Carl Bass stated, “ We have been on the verge of a revolution. It’s a technological, cultural and cultural revolution called infinite computing. Infinite computing may be the confluence of three developments: an exponential upsurge in available computing power, access to that charged power and the precipitous fall in the cost of that power. Today, computing is the most affordable resource we are able to throw at a nagging issue. So when one combines these developments with the scalability that people can now access via the cloud, we can deploy hundreds, even thousands, of computers to help solve the growing number of challenges we face as designers, engineers and artists today. ”

For me, Bass is correct. Computing is now so inexpensive that it’s essential for engineers to begin with engaging it as somebody in the design procedure and not simply a tool used to create a design. To get this done, HPC, especially cloud-based HPC, will need to become tapped into at a level that seriously isn’t being seen right now. However , I believe that the increase of IoT integration in item design will lead engineering groups to start using HPC regularly. With that experience, engineers and their managers will begin to look for more avenues to exploit HPC-and the most obvious candidate for HPC expansion is design.

But what will a partnership with HPC bring to an engineering firm? Well, aside from being more efficient at solving problems, HPC could bring higher complexity to a product, making it more capable and more valuable. HPC and properly tuned generative algorithms and software could imagine designs that would never occur to the human mind. Eventually, HPC and ever-evolving generative design programs could make excellent designers out of anyone, and a future where good design comes from everywhere would be an excellent future in which to live and work.

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Formula Pi – An Autonomous Robot Racing League

Timothy Freeburn and his team at Piborg. org want the world to be more aware and accepting of autonomous vehicles. The group has built a track in their UK headquarters and plans to launch a racing series called Formula Pi. A Kickstarter campaign has been launched, asking for funds to build the autonomous vehicles and outfit their track with a timing system. Backers can get YetiBorg robotic kits for themselves or buy entries into the race series.

Freeburn has used Kickstarter as a platform to launch ZeroBorg previously, the robots that make use of Raspberry Pi Zero because the controller and will become the racers for Method Pi. The automobiles will continue steadily to use Pi Zero because the base and will assistance Raspberry Pi V1 and V2 cameras. Each one of the car’s four tires is driven by way of a six Volt Zheng DC engine, and the frame is made from two millimeter light weight aluminum plate. The track itself functions five turns, three straighaways and 22. 9 meters of size in the guts lane.

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The current plan would be to release one standard Python code that race owners from all over the world may use as a base and modify because they wish. Programming lessons will undoubtedly be available through the competition series website after the Kickstarter campaign has ended on August 22. Two series of racing are planned at this point, Winter from October 2016 to January 2017, and Summer from April 2017 to July 2017.

Formula Pi is an awesome project for programming and robotics enthusiasts alike, and the racing aspects call to the engineer in all of us. The overall goal of pushing acceptance for autonomous vehicles while also creating more awareness of robotics is a great future state to aim toward. There’s a great video on the campaign page of the team’s first attempts at getting their bots to operate a vehicle autonomously on the monitor – seeing the iterative design process is definitely fascinating to me and viewing the YetiBorgs make incremental improvement is inspiring. Future concepts from the united team add a racing series constructed with a focus on speed rather than precision, and adding various robot configurations and brand-new racing classes.

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Octopuses Inspire New Suction-Based Adhesive

Octopuses (yes, that’s the correct pluralization) are amazing creatures. If you’ve never seen it before, check out this video of the common octopus’ anything-but-common camouflage:

Engineers at the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) were recently inspired by another amazing octopus attribute: their tentacles.

The researchers have been working towards developing an adhesive with the next properties:

Reversibility
Repeated usage
More powerful bonds and faster bonding time
No toxicity
Effectiveness in wet conditions along with other various extremes
After studying the suction capabilities of octopus tentacles, a tentacle-inspired bio-adhesive could meet each one of these criteria.

Based on the united team, “Flexible stress sensors might give potential future robots and prosthetics an improved sense of touch; building them requires a large amount of laborious transferring of nano- and microribbons of inorganic semiconductor components onto polymer sheets. ”

To facilitate transfer publishing, the team, led by Hyunhyub Ko at UNIST’s School of Chemical substance and Energy Engineering, further studied tentacles to build up an adhesive which could match their suction properties.

Octopus Tentacle Suction Cups:

Octopus movement is normally governed by suction cups in each tentacle-each suction cup includes a cavity, the pressure which is controlled by encircling muscles. By changing the new air pressure in the cup, the octopus could make its cavities slimmer or thicker to be able to supply the necessary release or suction.

By imitating how octopus’ muscle tissue work for contraction and launch, Ko and his team engineered wise adhesive pads.

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Schematic representation of microcavity arrays within the octopus-inspired wise adhesive pad. (Image courtesy of UNIST. )

They used a silicon-based organic polymer, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), to create microscale suckers. PDMS is also nontoxic and nonflammable. By adding the component of pores coated with thermally responsive polymers, adhesives function similar to how muscles contract and launch .

Tests showed that the walls of the pads contract when the material heats to 32ºC, creating suction. At space temperature, each walls pit remains within an ‘open’ state. Program of temperature increases adhesive strength from 0. 32 to 94 kilopascals.

Applications for Wise Adhesive Pads:

The team also reported they made some indium gallium arsenide transistors that sat on a flexible substrate and used it to go nanomaterials to a different kind of flexible material. Which means that the sensible adhesive pads can become a substrate for wearable wellness sensors. Other programs include Band- Helps or sensors that adhere to skin at normal entire body temperatures and fall off when rinsed under cold water.

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ESA Funding Boosts Development of SABRE Spaceplane

It’s about time that rockets had a revolution in design. While Orbital ATK and NASA are working on putting people outside of cislunar space and eventually bringing them to Mars, the UK’s Reaction Engines Ltd. has been developing a prototype rocket engine that can fly from the Earth to low orbit and back on a single stage.

Enter SABRE:

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A cutaway of the SABRE engine’s nacelle. (Image courtesy of Reaction Engines Ltd. )

The European Space Agency (ESA) and the UK government have been funding the SABRE program since this past year. The UK Space Company has recently invested £50 million which latest €10 million investment agreement from the ESA marks the ultimate agreed-upon contribution.

Mark Thomas, CEO of Response Motors Ltd., said, “We’ve had beneficial assistance from ESA and UKSA up to now, and today’s agreement is really a further vote of self-confidence not merely in the revolutionary potential of this technology, but our ability to deliver on it. We are now entering an exciting phase where we can accelerate the pace of development to get SABRE up and running. ”

The SABRE is unique in that is has two distinct rocket modes of operation.

Air breathing mode-The engine sucks in atmospheric air flow as a source of oxygen (as in a typical jet engine) to burn with its liquid hydrogen gas in the rocket combustion chamber.

Conventional rocket mode-The engine is usually above the atmosphere and transitions to using standard onboard liquid oxygen.

This is made possible by a revolutionary heat exchange system within the engine. As the air enters the engine at extremely high temperatures, it passes through an operational system of tubes containing ruthless helium. This drops the temperatures to more manageable ranges in less than 20 milliseconds.

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A new simplified diagram of SABRE’s routine. (Image thanks to Reaction Engines Ltd. )

This allows the engine to use at higher speeds than traditional jet engines, that is necessary in order to escape orbit. It furthermore reduces the quantity of oxygen that should be carried on the plane, decreasing the vehicle’s weight greatly. A more impactful usage of the engine has been in-atmosphere flight potentially, where a trip could possibly be created by the engine from London to Sydney in on the subject of four hours. This is a massive distinction from the existing 20+ hours necessary for the trip, with a stopover.

The SABRE has been developed with Reaction Engine’s SKYLON spaceplane at heart, which would place it as one of few vehicles currently in development for regular trips to space. An unpiloted, reusable spaceplane capable of moving upward of 15 tons of cargo between the Earth and space could definitely be useful. The SKYLON is still in early development, but with the backing of the ESA, it could become a reality as early as 2020.

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Wiivv Lays Mass Customization at Your Feet

As Internet surfers become increasingly familiar with the personalization provided by their Facebook cover pictures and Tumblr themes and the unlimited variety of products on Amazon. com, they could also begin to expect exactly the same customization and wide selection with regards to purchasing everyday consumer items such as clothing.

Very few manufacturing technologies can handle delivering such personally tailored products as 3D printing. Because they are able to translate 3D files into physical reality, 3D printers can shift from producing one geometrically complicated item to some other without the need to generate entirely brand-new injection molds. The mass customization many anticipate to be on the manufacturing horizon will likely rely heavily on 3D printing technology for this reason.

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3D-printed insoles from Wiivv. (Image courtesy of Wiivv. )

One product that may seriously benefit from a 3D-printed touch fits in the niche between your foot and the sole of your shoe. When it comes to insoles, not only has 3D printing matured to create mass customization feasible sufficiently, but orthotics can take advantage of the technology actually. Compared to the standard one-size-fits-all approach of bulk manufacturing rather, insoles should be designed to fit their wearer.

At least a few companies are looking to tackle the orthopedic market by combining 3D scanning with 3D printing to give insoles a much- needed 21st-century update. Of those firms, Wiivv Wearables stands out by launching the most funded 3D-printed product on Kickstarter.

What It Takes to create an Insole:

Traditionally, custom shoe inserts are created through such antiquated techniques seeing that plaster foam and casting container impressions. Patients will have their foot cast in plaster or fiberglass or, alternatively, get a foam impression of their foot by pressing them into boxes specially designed for the purpose of creating custom insoles. The cast or impression is then sent to an orthotics lab that uses these molds as negatives with which to produce the final insert.

More recently, 3D scanners have been developed to create digital models of ft, which are then used as the foundation for CNC milling a new foam block in to the orthotic insole. Technologies by Wiivv along with other startups seems to consider this process a step more, combining the widespread strength of smartphones with the additive strength of 3D publishing to streamline the procedure while also rendering it more accessible to a larger audience.

3D Scanning with the Contact of a Button:

Though smartphones may feature built-in 3D scanners soon, several software developers are leveraging the principles of photogrammetry to translate a number of 2D images into 3D models. Wiivv utilizes its proprietary software to transform pictures used with a smartphone into custom-fitted insoles.

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A new Wiivv graphic illustrating the photograph measurement process. (Image thanks to Wiivv Wearables. )

The Wiivv iOS app is easy to utilize. All that’s required would be to snap a picture of every foot from the top, together with your heel pressed against a wall and on top of a blank sheet of paper. Then, you take photos from the side with your iPhone on the floor and leaning against a wall . The same photo is taken without your feet aswell, giving the Wiivv software program a background that your foot could be isolated.

Without offering any tech strategies, Manuj Aggarwal, director of software program at Wiivv, explained the way the software functions, “We take the images and work them through a group of sophisticated and proprietary image processing and computer vision algorithms to detect and extract the info from these 2D images and construct a 3D model from it. This 3D model is then run through our customization engine to produce biomechanically engineered products, which right now are custom insoles. ”

The shoe insert is further personalized through the selection of one of six different patterns for the top layer of the insole and one of four different colors for the base. Combined with 3D model developed by the five pictures snapped with the Wiivv iOS app, the ongoing company offers everything it requires to begin manufacturing the merchandise.

3D Printing for each and every Individual:

Wiivv can 3D printing multiple insoles within each of its selective laser sintering (SLS) 3D printers, located at the firm’s manufacturing facilities in San Diego, Calif. The complete manufacturing process is a trade secret, but Ryan Coyne, director of manufacturing and operations at Wiivv, did admit that there are nonadditive technologies involved in the ultimate structure of the insoles, along with some company-specific methods applied when post-processing the merchandise after they are 3D printed.

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The 3D-printed nylon insole is combined with a neoprene cushion. ( Image courtesy of Wiivv. )

Coyne explained, “You can find very unique steps and procedures necessary to prepare and finish custom 3D-printed parts. While we are creating a vision for the bulk customization factory into the future, there are many processes that are currently performed manually that we are building automations for. The machines and the various tools we use have been particularly chosen to produce the standard of finish we anticipate from our finished item. ”

The opportunity to 3D printing in-house, in accordance with Coyne, allows the business to efficiently iterate products rapidly and, and also advance the manufacturing technology itself. “[W]e are also looking to the future and the ability to iterate on the producing process itself. Wiivv will be at the forefront of the adaptive producing revolution required for the production of mass customized, body perfect gear. ”

The materials used for the process are, again, a closely guarded secret, but Wiivv will on some components from Evonik rely, a German chemical firm that delivers powders for SLS such as for example polyamide 12. The company lately announced that it has became a member of HP’s Open Platform plan and will developing components for the tech giant’s brand-new Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) 3D printing technology. Evonik is also an investor in Wiivv, but there has not yet been recently any announcement that MJF will be used to produce the next generation of Wiivv products.

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3D-printed insoles custom-made for the feet of the author.

Using Wiivv’s 3D-printed insoles is a tad easier than utilizing the iOS app just. You slip them into your shoe and commence walking simply. The 3D-printed, nylon base is fairly firm, however the neoprene cushion and silicone heel pad are soft extremely. The way that the Base insoles curve exactly with your foot makes them even more comfortable. The basic idea of having your name printed onto both sides of the orthotics certainly feels individual, like running a luxury item tailored for you just.

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The 3D-printed side of the bottom insole with silicone heel pad and anti-slip tread. The author’s title is 3D printed in to the insole directly, just below a personal serial number.

Whether or not they’ll add “ten active years ” to my life, as Wiivv hopes its products will, is yet to be determined, but they seem as though they may make moving around on your feet a bit easier.

Beyond 3D-Printed Insoles:

Everyone we spoke with in Wiivv managed to get clear that the ongoing firm isn’t limiting itself to 3D-printed insoles. In actuality, custom inserts are simply a stepping stone to items tailored to the suit and type of every individual.

Shamil Hargovan, co-founder and CEO of Wiivv, hinted that the company would begin its product expansion in the area of footwear. Hargovan explained, “Wiivv is looking towards expanding in the footwear room with services, partnerships, distribution companions and evolving our adaptive production system to further keep your charges down and decrease delivery times. ”

Hargovan further hinted that brand-new apps were along the way that could even involve new mobile technology (Tango, anyone? ): “Bringing even more of our technology straight into the hands of the buyer via their smartphone and leveraging brand-new mobile device technologies are ways Wiivv is focusing on continuing to grow our brand and tech stack. ”

Additionally , Wiivv seems to be looking towards the future of manufacturing as a whole, possibly embarking on a distributed model of production. Aggarwal pointed out that the software is not limited to capturing foot data or to photogrammetry. Various other 3D scanning technology could be implemented for designing items that fit people from head to toe.

“The way we have been going about building our stack is more of a platform approach instead of an app approach. This system could possibly be used to onboard several manufacturers who’ve much larger capacities and far deeper geographical achieve than Wiivv. We’re able to leverage the power of our software platform to quickly route our custom fitted products to these third party manufacturing amenities and ship the products to Wiivv customers rapidly and efficiently, ” Aggarwal said.

Aggarwal also hinted at the use of other 3D scanning technology that brings Tango to mind, saying, “Moreover, our platform is made to accommodate adaptive manufacturing processes and can work with any input-aka ‘scanner agnostic’-and can produce any format of output. So , than following a particular manufacturing process rather, we are creating a flexible, scalable software platform. ”

Nothing is More Technical Than People:

In other words, Wiivv includes a flexible method of manufacturing that quite a few might say is both essential to 3D printing as a way of end production and a far more sustainable manufacturing model overall. Also companies like Airbus have started to provide credence to distributed developing, which would see systems like 3D printing utilized to generate products locally and on-demand, therefore limiting the fossil fuels (and costs) connected with shipping, reducing wastage connected with maintaining stock and advertising local economies.

All this is leading towards a far more personalized experience for person customers. Hargovan suggested that “one-size-fits-all” doesn’t apply to modern shoppers. “ What if the same type of customized product could be made available at the same cost as its generic alternative and in the same amount of time? This is the point of mass customization-creating a new standard that every product could be custom built for every person and their need says, without more time or cost, ” Hargovan said.

Hargovan added, “Probably the most unique and complicated objects inside this global world may be the human body-from fingerprints to iris designs, we are unique in lots of ways. Wiivv is creating body perfect gear that is available for the everyday consumer, custom built for them at a comparable cost to the ‘off the shelf’ alternatives. ”

The basic idea here is that individuals are, after all, individuals. As bulk customization becomes possible, not merely will our social media marketing pages reflect our individuality, however the products we eat will too. Wiivv, specifically, aims to operate a vehicle this trend. The firm could be starting with insoles, but it’s clear that new products will be rolled out just as new 3D printing and scanning technologies hit the market.

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Nippon Steel Develops Stronger and Lighter Automotive Steel

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Nippon Steel’s new automotive sheet steel is 25 % stronger and 20-30 pct lighter compared to the toughest high-tensile steel available.

The battle between aluminum and steel for dominance in the automotive sector rages on, and in wake of a potential third combatant entering the ring even, steel has struck another blow.

Based on the Nikkei Asian Examine, Nippon Metal & Sumitomo Metal is rolling out a new type of automotive steel sheet that’s 25 % stronger and 20-30 pct lighter compared to the toughest high-tensile steel available today.

Currently, the best grade of cold-rolled steel that’s available has a strength of just one 1 commercially, 180 MPa (171 ksi). Compared, the new steel includes a strength of just one 1, 470 MPa (213 ksi). The brand new metal was produced through enhancements to the heat treatment procedure and the inclusion of alloy components. As a total result, the material will be more proof to cracks from the stamping procedure.

Although the material is still not as light as aluminum alloy or carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic, its price is only 30 percent of aluminum’s and approximately five percent of carbon fiber’s. Nippon Steel is currently conducting verification tests, and plans to market the product for use in vehicle frames, chassis and other automotive components in 2020.

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China Seeks to Join Top 10 Robotics Nations by 2020

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China is looking to aggressively expand its robotics market at home and join the top 10 of the world’s most intensively automated nations by 2020, skyrocketing from their current rank of 28th.

As of now, China’s manufacturing industry has a ratio of 36 robot units per 10, 000 employees. The China Machinery Industry Federation has announced that its goal is to more than quadruple this number to 150 robot units per 10, 000 employees in less than four years.

As a point of reference, South Korea stands in first place with 478 units, while the US occupies 7th location at 164.

For China to claim 8th invest the robots per employees position, they might need to domestically produce and sell 100, 000 industrial robots annually from now until 2020.

Today, Chinese manufacturers account for only 31 percent of the sales volume in their domestic industrial robot market. Foreign manufacturers command the remaining 69 percent of the market share.

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(Image courtesy the International Federation of Robotics. )

Chinese manufacturers only accounted for 25 percent of the domestic market share in 2013.

“By the end of 2020, I reckon that the share of the domestic market enjoyed by Chinese robotic manufacturers could well increase to 50 percent, ” said Dr . Daokui Qu, CEO of the Chinese robot maker Siasun, at the recent International Federation of Robotics CEO Round Table in Munich.

The fast growth the Chinese market is experiencing is largely motivated by the Made in China 2025 (MiC2025) policy, incentivising manufacturers to take on quality-over-quantity philosophies, as well as a drive to innovate in industrial automation in an effort to become a high-quality manufacturing nation.

Midea Enters Fortune Global 500 as Shares in KUKA reach 85. 7 Percent:

Chinese companies like Midea seem to seriously be consuming the policy.

Midea took control more than Kuka following the company claimed 85 recently. 7 percent of the German company’s shares in an USD$4. 4 billion bid.

The home appliance producer turned smart automation mogul announced that it has entered the Fortune Global 500 for the very first time at 481st, july 20th following the updated ranking of the world’s most significant corporations were declared on.

Midea offers invested $3 billion in analysis and development in the last five years and today operates R&D institutes in america, Japan, Germany, Singapore and italy.

The Chinese company also acquired Toshiba’s house appliance business this season and 80 percent of the Italian air-conditioning producer Clivet, for $145 million.

Midea’s global platform operates a lot more than 200 subsidiaries now, nine strategic business products and several full-scale operations covering R&D, manufacturing and sales in six countries, including Vietnam, India, Belarus, Egypt, Brazil and Argentina.

Midea and Foxconn are prime examples of how China’s MiC2025 policy is working to incentivize its major manufacturers. This is also something Western manufacturers and policy-makers need to keep an vision on if they don’t want to be taken off guard when 2025 finally rolls around.

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Draught Beer at 36,000 Feet

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Welcome to the mile- great pub. (Image thanks to KLM. )

Of the canned beer generally available on airplanes instead, passengers of KLM Royal Dutch Airlines may shortly be able to enjoy ale at high altitudes thanks to the company’s partnership with Heinkein and a specialized keg design.

A Keg Designed for Flight:

Heineken’s product designer, Edwin Griffioen, had to come up with a keg design capable of fitting in the small space of an airline aisle without using the carbon dioxide cartridges often found home tap installations since they are prohibited on airplanes.

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Diagram of a standard draught beer system. (Image courtesy of BeerTech. )

The design also had to take into account the difference in pressure at high altitude, with lower air pressure on the airplane compared to sea level. Because of this, conventional beer taps would create too much foam if used on airplanes.
The key, according to Griffioen, is the balancing air pressure and the diameter of the tap.

“We were able to set the size of the tap and the new air pressure to the right combination, which delivers at 36, 000 feet (11, 000 m) a similar beer as you would can get on the bottom, ” he said.

The kegs also needed to be compressed to fit in to the airline catering trolley space, which meant sacrificing the coolant system.

To compensate for having less conventional refrigeration, the beverages trolley was redesigned to do something like a new thermos and keep carefully the beer under 5°C. Heineken reviews that the beer taste is unchanged. Delivered cool to the Amsterdam Airport terminal, four kegs could be loaded onto each flight.

“We are always searching for typical Dutch products to create us apart from others, ” said KLM in-flight providers vice president Miriam Kartman. “Heineken has been our beer companion for several years, and we both understand that customers price a beer from draught greater than out of a can. ”

The good thing for beer connoisseurs is that the on-tap beer is likely to be available within the next month. Launch of the tap support is pending until the airline obtains safety certificates from civil aviation authorities.

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Electric Motorcycle Refuses to Tip Over

Ever heard of the Ford Gyron?

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Ford Motor Company’s Gyron concept car.

Unveiled from the Detroit Motor Show within 1961, this idea car was stabilized making use of gyroscopes. Unfortunately, it had been never put into production.

However , a power enclosed motorcycle from Lit Motors aims to regenerate this concept and place it into practical use. Meet up with the C-1.

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(Image thanks to Lit Motors. )

The founder of the look, Danny Kim, created this two-person vehicle to supply a level of safety without ordinary motorcycles.

A Motorcycle that Never Drops Down:

The C-1 is indeed small; how could it supply the safety against collisions with good sized trucks possibly? Designers usually do not disappoint in this certain region since the vehicle includes chair belts, multiple airbags and a new steel-reinforced framework to supply the safety within four-wheeled cars normally.

The technology avoiding the vehicle from tipping may be the gyroscopic stability system: two big gyros on underneath spin in opposite directions to help keep the automobile upright. They’re so effective, the C-1 can endure a sideways effect from an SUV rather than tip over.

This video demonstrates the smart design of the automobile, which remains upright when force is applied:

A gyroscope is really a spinning wheel and maintains its spin axis path in addition to the outer frame orientation. If tilted or rotated, the spin axis position is maintained because the conservation is applied by the gyroscope style of angular momentum.

Key Top features of the C-1:

According to the vehicle’s designer, the C-1 is 100 percent electric, reaches speeds beyond 100 miles per hour and has a range of up to 200 miles before needing to recharge. High-torque, in-hub motors allow the vehicle to accelerate from zero to 60 in six seconds.

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The Gyroscopes inside the C-1. (Image courtesy of Lit Motors. )

Charge times depend on the voltage; it can take six hours (110/120 volts) or less than a half hour (400/500 volts). There is room for either two passengers or one passenger with room for daily needs.
The official delivery start date has not been announced, but preorders estimate a price of $24, 000.

Oftentimes, drivers go to work in their large SUVs that can seat four to six people; hopefully, the C-1 will soon be available, and if purchased, the pollution from vehicles is a nagging problem of days gone by.

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New Disney computer model predicts how people perceive softness of 3D printed objects

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As we’ve seen over the last few months, Disney has become very interested in 3D printing – perhaps because they are envisioning a future for custom 3D printed playthings and merchandise. However in many ways, dependable 3D printing production is quite limited still. From high-res 3D printing procedures to replicating reflective qualities onto 3D printed surfaces, Disney has been tackling various production challenges therefore. Sufficient reason for their newest computer design, they have tackled what may be the most important issue for 3D printed toys: how people perceive the softness of 3D printed objects.

For that is something that is largely unpredictable. Identical 3D printed objects made on two separate 3D printers don’t necessarily feel the same, and a lot of factors are involved – from materials and textures to expectations. According to Disney researcher David Levin, predicting the softness factors could be crucial for the production of interchangeable and predictable toys .

With MIT’s Wojciech Matusik and reseachers Piotr Didyk collectively, Michal Piovarč we, Hanspeter Pfister, Jason Rebello, Desai Chen and Roman Durikovič, he or she therefore developed a fresh computer model which you can use to predict the softness or even stiffness of particular 3D printable materials. Their results have already been published in a papers entitled An interaction-Aware just, Perceptual Model for nonlinear Elastic Objects.

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As you can expect, it is a very challenging issue because contact is everything – from consumers to doctors, everyone uses it and haptic impression is arguably probably the most important senses we have. While a lot can be achieved with material choices, 3D printers are unfortunately limited to a select group of options – and when 3D printed all those materials bring their own haptic properties to the table. Finally, the 3D printers themselves and the parameters used can all affect the final results.

To be sure, the Disney team are not the first to try and predict these features – other studies have sought to tackle the problem through micro-structures and regular metrics (L2 standards). Nevertheless, those approaches ignored an essential component for haptic conversation: the users themselves. “People make use of many cues to guage softness, including texture, location and size, so that it was critical to foundation the model on which humans perceive. This team could use that input to precisely predict how objects of varied materials and geometries will sense, ” Jessica Hodgins, vice president at Disney Study, said.

To build up their perceptual model, the researchers had to jump into human being experimentation therefore. And as softness depends upon a lot of factors, the researchers first developed numerous internal structures of objects that can be used to tailor how an object responds to squeezes and pokes. As the researchers explained, this compensates for the different ‘feeling’ different materials have. “Since physical stiffness can be expressed using measured force-displacement data, we consider this as the main cue for compliance. Consequently, we seek a relation between the force-displacement characteristic and the ” feeling ” of compliance, ” they say.

During the development of their model, they therefore first made twelve different sample materials, all 3D printed in cubes with different cylindrical internal structures – each defined by the particular four parameters of block dimension, distance between your cylinders and two radii to get the cylinders. We were holding presented to 20 individuals during 78 blind trials, for a complete of just one 1, 560 comparisons. “ These were asked to guage which test block was even more similar to the reference in terms of softness. Participants were asked to interact with the samples in a direction perpendicular to their surface. This interaction mode removes the effect of anisotropy present in the fabricated cubes, ” the researchers say.

The results were intriguing. “ On average, in 72. 22% of the cases subjects gave the same answer. Next, to test the inter-subject variability, all participants were asked by us to perform one trial on the same set of randomly chosen 36 triplets. On average, 93. 88% of most responses were consistent with vast majority votes, ” the researchers reveal. The Disney was allowed by this data group to compare various computational versions, letting them identify the ones that can accurately and effectively evaluate human-perceived differences in non-linear stiffness. This resulted in the development of these own perception-predicting design which subsequently, without fool-proof, certainly could be applied in practical creation situations and also for complex geometries.

To examine the model, the researchers actually set up a further experiment with a seahorse model 3D printed in five different materials, almost all with different qualities: TangoBlack+ (Objet500 Connex), TPU 92A-1 ( Laser printer), Flexible resin (Ember printer), Smooth-On Dragon Pores and skin 30 silicone rubber (casting), and Smooth- About Ecoflex 00-30 silicone rubber (casting).

When using the L2 norms, just 85 of the 160 human preferences were correctly predicted (53 percent). “ In contrast, our model was able to predict 125 answers (78%). The prediction was always consistent with the majority vote. This suggests that during the design process our model can provide meaningful suggestions to artists regarding the material choice, ” the scientists say.

Without completely foolproof thus, it certainly appears like the Disney model may more predict perceived distinctions between objects than other versions accurately. Finally, their method is a lot quicker that competing models also. While perception is obviously predicated on a lot more than just poking ( that your Disney model centered on ), this tool are a good idea. Specifically, the researchers believe that their model can guideline the 3D printing process to ensure that different 3D printers using different materials can ultimately produce objects that feel the same. Could this mean that 3D printed Disney toys are finally on the horizon?

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Catch ’em all! This 3D printed Pokémon Go iPhone case makes every Poke Ball throw perfect

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Something miraculous offers been happening for approximately three weeks roughly. A generation that was thought to never use their knees again all of a sudden got up and spent hours walking outside and exploring the countryside. And all it required was a special app inspired by the most addictive franchise on the planet: Pokémon. And while Pokémon Go has been designed to be accessible to players of every skill level, there’s just one hurdle that many players struggle with: throwing Poké Balls. While it looks so simple, getting an ideal swipe to throw the Poké Ball and catch that Psyduck can be a very frustrating process. But there is a remedy: a 3D printable iPhone case that ensures a perfect swipe, each and every right time.

Of course this is in no way the initial Pokémon Go-related 3D publishing project. Just last week, developers used 3D printers to deal with the most irritating limitation of smartphone technologies: battery life. Their alternative? A completely thematic 3D published PokéDex smartphone case that doubles being an extra battery pack.

While that smartphone situation certainly enables users to include a few extra miles to their Poké Adventures, it does nothing to make catching those Zubats any easier. And we’ve all been faced with that frustrating reality when we just can’t seem to completely flick the balls in a straight line. We’d not disclose just how many Poké Golf ball we’ve wasted ourselves rather. Let’s mention that the nearby Poké Halt is of vital importance simply. But the Poké Golf ball Aimer by John Cleaver could be the perfect solution. A 3D printable iPhone situation, it includes a special trench that addresses the majority of the screen and ensures that your aim is real every time.

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Designed for the iPhone 6, it’s an ingenious little 3D printing project that just shows what a bright mind can achieve with a desktop FDM 3D printers. While John did not disclose his reasons for designing it, we can only assume he struggles with his Poké Balls as much as we do. “Can’t quite get that perfect throw? Frustrated when countless Poké Balls randomly fly sideways? Worry no longer! This 3D printable Poké Balls aimer ensures your finger never goes astray. Simply slip your iPhone into the case, give it a flick, and you’ll be catching Pokémon with ease, ” he says of the design.

This clever little screen cover will be fairly straightforward to 3D print, and should fit on just about every 3D printing platform out there. If you’re interested, you can find the downloadable designs on Thingiverse here. What’s more, though this case is currently only compatible with the iPhone 6, John already said that he intends to alter it for other phones if there is sufficient interest.

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The only downside is that the Poké Ball Aimer is definitely a screen cover. It hides a significant complete large amount of the cool information and the Pokémon’s CP number, only leaving room for two on-screen controls. Even more frustratingly, it really won’t be usable for gym battles and can make navigating on the augmented actuality map much more difficult. This may mean having it off and placing it back on once again repeatedly – but at the very least it’ll save you a great deal of Poké Balls and journeys to the Poké Stop. You may also wonder if this screen cover up is a form of cheating, but just remember: everything goes in love, war and Pokémon.

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Nuclear power and 3D printing are the driving forces behind Audi F-Tron Concept car

Russian automobile designer Grigory Gorin has developed the Audi Mesarthim F-Tron Quattro, a nuclear- driven, 3D printed concept car. The monocoque chassis of the automobile would be 3D imprinted in a lightweight metallic alloy, with the engine powered by a fusion reactor with plasma injectors.

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With the impact of global warming being felt all across the planet, the need to switch from fossil fuels to cleaner sources of energy has never been more urgent. Wind, solar, and nuclear power all offer cleaner energy alternatives to fossil fuels, but their implementation has so far been limited to electricity generation in a handful of forward-thinking countries. And while the need to convert power stations to greener methods is absolutely imperative, there remains another huge greenhouse gas offender on every street: cars. Putting two and two collectively when it comes to clean auto and power emissions is Russian car developer Grigory Gorin, whose new 3D printed idea car runs on the nuclear fusion reactor rather than a petrol engine.

Gorin’s Batmobile-esque new design can be an Audi Idea, called the “Audi Mesarthim F-Tron Quattro” following the Mesarthim star program in the Aries constellation. Even though the fusion reactor at the car’s primary won’t burn for an incredible number of years, it could, in accordance with its developer, generate cleaner and much more efficient energy to energy the super-cool, Audi-inspired vehicle where it sits. The F-Tron’s fusion reactor and plasma injectors are usually encircled by converters which transform the reactor’s heat power into steam ( that may later on be reused via condensers). The generated steam after that spins a turbine mounted on a generator, which charges batteries attached to the front, back, and sides of the car. These batteries power wheel-mounted electric motors which propel the vehicle.

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In addition to its innovative nuclear engine, the F-Tron concept car also features a stylish 3D printed monocoque chassis, dubbed the “ Solid Cage, ” which would be 3D printed in a lightweight alloy with polymer support. This 3D printed chassis encloses the powertrain, which can only be accessed after removing sections of the 3D printed body, while a magnetic hydro- dynamic handling system mounted on the car’s underside helps to produce downforce and improve handling utilizing a magnetic liquid which reacts to a magnetic street surface area. Gorin’s incorporation of additive developing technologies follows similar 3D printed idea car styles from EDAG, Rolls-Royce, Shell, among others.

“ The thought of the project Mesarthim F-Tron would be to draw focus on nuclear fusion and [the chance for deploying it as a] safe and green power source, ” said Gorin, who views nuclear fusion because the natural next location for the charged power industry. Based on the Russian car designer, “ you’ll be able to supply energy to most of the population of the planet ” when industry finally makes such a move.

Gorin’s ambitious design probably won’t be adopted by Audi any time soon, but if cars of the future do end up using a combination of nuclear fusion and 3D printing technology, the Russian designer will have every right to feel proud of his weird and wonderful design.

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Revolutionary Chinese all-in-one casting and forging metal 3D printer used for stealth jet fighters

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The Chengdu J-20.

Just last week, a team of Chinese researchers from the Huazhong University of Science unveiled a truly remarkable 3D printer that could change metal manufacturing altogether: the all-in-one casting and forging metal 3D printer. This revolutionary machine combines 3D printing, casting and forging in a single device, and produces high quality results while eliminating extra material and equipment costs. It thus certainly has the potential to be used in just about any industry, but Chinese aviation specialists are the first to adopt it and are making use of this 3D printer to create critical parts for China’s 5th generation fighter jets, like the stealthy Chengdu J-20 and the Shenyang J-31.

Of course this is in no way the 1st time the Chinese federal government applied 3D printing to armed service production; Chinese warships first started taking 3D printers to sea back early 2015 having an optical eye in emergency repairs. However the fact this new 3D printer can be used for critical part creation showcases its usefulness and dependability already.

The 3D printer itself originated beneath the leadership of Zhang Haiou, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Huazhong University of Science. Upon its unveiling, he claimed to have “broken the biggest obstacle facing the 3D printing sector. ” This disruptive technological is particularly remarkable for realizing an elevated part strength and toughness ( in comparison to other technologies), a better product lifecycle, and higher dependability.

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According to its developers, the technology could also be used to generate thin-walled metal components while eliminating excess equipment and materials costs. Relying on an inexpensive electric arc as a high temperature source and low-cost metal cable as a raw materials, it includes an utilization rate as high as 80% or even more – whereas traditional strategies are lucky to attain 5%. Of course the necessity for huge casting, forging and milling devices can be removed – as all processes are usually directly managed through the 3D printer – to further reduce the need for investments.

What’s more, the 3D printer is very large and open to a wide range of materials. The first iteration of this hardware can work with eight kinds of materials, including titanium alloy, for aircraft and marine use, and steel, for use in nuclear power stations. This machine has already successfully built a part that 2. 2 m long and weighs 260 kg, as well as a forging part measuring 1800 × 1400 × 50 mm. An even larger version of the 3D printer is already under development.

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However the all-in-one casting and forging steel 3D printer can be remarkable for just one other reason: the 60-year-old professor Zhang Haiou developed it in collaboration along with his wife professor Wang Guilan, 53, who teaches at exactly the same university. Together, they are working on metal manufacturing approaches for more than 18 decades, plus they clashed about it frequently. Back in 2008, they had a combat about Zhang Haiou’s proposal to integrate casting even, milling and forging within a machine – which his spouse called a fantasy. “I do not really blame her, as casting, forging, milling have existed as separated technologies for thousands of years, ” the professor recalled.

But the quarrel did open their minds an led to a series of experimentations with a team of college students. “At that time I thought that if it does not work, at least he could just give up, ” his wife recalled. “Although I frequently criticize his failed tests, I unconsciously use his options for testing still. When it’s wrong, we begin arguing, but try soon again. ” The couple spend the majority of their time focusing on R&D.

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The Shenyang J-31.

While the researchers themselves earlier said that their innovations will be especially useful in the aerospace, production and automotive industries, the Chinese defense sector cannot pass up with this technology either. Several components for Chinese fighter jets ( thought as the Chengdu J-20 and the Shenyang J-31) have previously entered limited creation, with all parts manufactured in an individual piece – which would’ve been difficult using subtractive manufacturing strategies or other steel 3D printing solutions.

That is an essential breakthrough, as multi-part geometries are believed to negatively affect overall performance and life cycles. The parts themselves are 3D imprinted in TC4 titanium alloy, resulting in excellent tensile strength, yield strength, ductility and toughness properties. Experts already verified that the parts are more stable than those made by traditional casting. And with a squadron of twelve J-20 large stealth fighters featuring these correct parts likely to be completed in 2017, it appears like metal 3D printing can be becoming a fundamental element of China’s defense industry.

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Rize Arises with Voxel-Level 3D Printing and Limited Post-Processing

While HP was stealing the show with its Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) technology at RAPID 2016, another yet unknown company showcased its own disruptive 3D printing platform. Not wishing to yet go public with news about its product offering, Mass. – based Rize was quietly telling attendees related to its Augmented Polymer Deposition (APD), a patented 3D printing technology in a position to produce engineering-grade parts with minimal post-processing or toxic fumes sufficient reason for functional capabilities rivaling those promised by HP with MJF.

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The Rize One 3D printer is capable of 3D printing near isotropic parts without post-processing. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

Rize is now ready to go public with APD and the new Rize One 3D printer-and there is a lot to go public about. For instance, the firm has already announced its first beta customer, Reebok, which will utilize the technology for prototyping sneakers and plastic components for athletic equipment mostly.
Within an interview with ENGINEERING. com, firm President and CEO Frank Marangell could speak at great duration about APD and its own potential effect on 3D printing present and potential future.

What is APD?

What’s immediately most striking on the subject of APD is the advantages it has over other technologies, particularly fused deposition modeling (FDM). Unlike FDM, and also just about every other 3D printing process, APD requires hardly any post-processing. Once the right component comes off the print mattress, support structures are removed yourself.

No pliers, bead blasting, sanding or saws, as is sometimes required with FDM and stereolithography (SLA) parts. No super glue baths, as is used with binder jetting. No high-pressure water jetting and chemical baths, associated with PolyJet or Multi Jet. And no excavation, as is seen in selective laser sintering.

Rather, APD blends thermoplastic extrusion, much like FDM, with inkjetting, much like PolyJet and Multi Jet. As a specialty thermoplastic called Rizium One, developed by Rize in- house, is extruded onto the develop plate, an inkjet head will be able to deposit a variety of unique inks to printing for a number of applications.

In the entire case of very easy support removal, this material is really a repelling ink called Release One, that is deposited between your print and the help structures. While both print and the works with are produced from Rizium One, an engineering- and medical-grade plastic material, the Release One prevents both from forming a solid bond. That way, after the print is complete, the helps can be taken off the part easily.

Ultimately, Rize estimates that simple support removal enables users to cut total 3D printing turnaround period simply by 50 percent. Marangell relayed that, whenever a Reebok engineer visited Rize headquarters near Boston, “he had to go into the office at 6 am to start post-processing parts he had printed over night, the engineers weren’t going to obtain parts that day otherwise. With the proper solution, he wouldn’t have had a need to do that. ”

Actually, Gary Rabinovitz, Additive Manufacturing Lab Manager at Reebok, is quoted in a recently available Rize news release as saying, “We operate our 3D printers 24/7 to generate the parts main to Reebok’s innovation and unfortunately, post processing has been a necessary but laborious and time-consuming process. An easy-to-use, zero post-processing 3D printer like Rize would enhance workflow, enabling us to provide parts just as much as 50 pct faster than similar technology, while reducing the expense of labor, equipment and materials. ”

The Attributes of Rizium One:

This easy support removal lends some essential properties to the APD platform. Of all first, APD allows the Rize Someone to 3D printing with quite strong thermoplastics, such as Rizium One. While Marangell could not disclose the exact nature of Rizium One, he explained it as similar to polycarbonate (PC) in terms of strength.

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A 3D-printed part created with the Rize One. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

He said that, due to the real way that the material bonds through the printing process, Rizium One can retain a lot of its isotropic properties, and therefore the parts printed inside this material have almost exactly the same strength everywhere (X, Y, and Z). This differs from nearly all 3D printing technologies, which cannot create parts which are as solid in the Z-axis, due to the weak bonds that form between each layer of material. For this reason, these bonds are referred to as anisotropic.

“[Rizium One is] a compound thermoplastic that is high up in the engineering thermoplastic pyramid. It’s not one material. It’s not Personal computer, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ( Abdominal muscles ), or polylactic acid… It offers properties much like PC. It has a comparable strength as PC, although we’ve the effectiveness of ABS in Z twice. We’re nearly isotropic, ” Marangell said.

Marangell explained that components made out of the Rize One only expertise a ten percent loss in isotropic qualities, compared to the stock material. Typical FDM parts, on the other hand, may lose around 40 percent of their Z-strength. He further pointed out that not even all injection-molded parts have 100-percent isotropy, due to the real method that the mold is established.

If exactly the same Rizium One filament were extruded by an FDM device, however , the support structures would relationship too well to the printing, making them impossible to effectively remove very. Therefore , the mix of Rizium One with the Launch One enables these PC-like components to be imprinted without support-related issues.

Being an engineering- and medical-grade materials, Rizium One is suitable for both biocompatible and industrial programs. While a manufacturer might make use of ADP to create jigs and fixtures, a dentist or doctor might 3D print dental or surgical guides. An added benefit is the fact that, according to Marangell, Rizium One is eco-friendly in that it generally does not produce ultrafine toxic contaminants while printing.

ABS, however, may create styrene mainly because a byproduct, a toxic chemical that’s dangerous when inhaled potentially. For this reason, those 3D printing with Abdominal muscles should maintain 3D printers in a well-ventilated workshop sometimes, rather than within an office or classroom environment.

Marangell likened his product to the change that has occurred with document printing, in which a printer lab was once separate from the main office, but now it’s possible to have 2D printers on one’s desktop computer. “That’s what we’re getting to the engineering workplace. That kind or kind of efficiency. Once the chain is damaged by you of the 3D printing laboratory, the opportunity is endless. It is possible to put the machine chairside in a dental office to make dental drill guides or orthodontic alignment tools. Or in a medical office for medical guides, ” Marangell said.

The thermoplastic used with ADP, however, is not limited to Rizium One. Other plastics come in the ongoing works, including a graphene-infused filament which Marangell suggested could have near-isotropic properties also, thus fully exploiting the features of graphene everywhere .

3D Printing with Voxels:

While HP has now claimed the word “voxel” for its own use, the word has been in use to represent three-dimensional pixels since at least the ‘80s. Only since the arrival of 3D printing gets the word denoted the chance of actually controlling physical issue just how one might control a 2D pixel on some type of computer screen. Up to now, however , HP has been mostly of the companies to claim the opportunity to do so. That’s, until Rize went community with ADP.

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Voxel-level handle enables ADP to 3D printing full-color parts, though the initial release will only print in grayscale. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

“At each voxel, we’re able to aircraft an additive of our option. Our IP is based on thermoplastic extrusion and then jetting an additive on each voxel wherever it makes sense to modification the characteristic of that material, ” Marangell said.
Due to the inkjet print head, it’s possible to bind thermoplastic filament with functional inks. For easy support removal, this is Release One, but , as Rize ships its first five beta machines to customers this August and September, the Rize One will also come with the ability to 3D printing detailed text and images with the company’s Marking Ink. This ink is jetted anyplace and anytime it’s needed in the file to printing directly onto parts.

In long term releases, Marangell says, this ability will be expanded to encompass the entire CMYK color profile. More than that, Rize should come out with other practical materials also, such as conductive, thermo-insulating and thermo-conducting inks. “Immediately, you can imagine what else we can do with [voxel- level 3D printing]#@@#@!!… You can create active smart sensors so that you can actually have a 3D-printed part that has active materials in it. A battery can be created by you within a 3D-printed structure. The sky’s the limit. ”

One specific software that the business is working on may be the capability to change the mechanical qualities of the plastic by covering it with a flexible additive to be able to produce comfortable, but effective hearing aids. Many of the world’s hearing aids today are 3D printed with SLA technology, which limits the structure of the device to one material property.

What Rize intends to accomplish would be to 3D printing them so that the inside channel of the aid is rigid, in order that audio can bounce through the listening to canal, while the external is coated in soft, flexible materials in order that it fits comfortably inside a wearer’s ear.

The Rize Team:

If you’re already excited about ADP and its potential, you have the 14- person Rize team to thank, all of whom have important backgrounds from a true number of companies associated with the 3D printing industry. CTO and founder Eugene Giller, for instance, had been the senior R&D chemist for Z Corp, inventors of the multi-colored binder jetting technology in charge of 3D-printed shelfies.

Co-founder Leonid Raiz worked seeing that a new senior vice president of PTC before founding architectural CAD company Revit, that was purchased by 3D Corporation Software ultimately. Raiz has applied a few of his CAD engineering abilities to integrate an unique feature into the Rize 3D printing software that fixes imperfect documents and makes them printable.

Even the firm’s Vice President of Marketing, Julie Reece, comes from both Zcorp and Mcorp, famous for its full-color paper 3D printing technology, and the Vice President of Customer Support, Amnon Hamami, hails from Stratasys by way of Objet.

Marangell, too, is a 3D printing veteran, having acted simply because president of Objet THE UNITED STATES. “I was bringing foreign businesses ’ technologies to the united states marketplace, often Israeli companies. When Objet found the US in 2006, somebody informed them about me and the others was history. I began Objet USA and grew it to the stage where we were likely to do an IPO in 2012 and we ended up merging with Stratasys. ”

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A complex part 3D printed with the Rize One. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

Altogether, the team has 20 3D printing patents between them. One patent, which has now fallen into general public domain, is in many ways, according to Marangell, the basis for HP’s MJF. While Giller had been at Z Corp, he done a technology for fusing plastic material powder that has been patented by the ongoing corporation . When Z Corp didn’t further pursue it, it fell into community domain, even preventing HP from filing patenting the technology.

With all of this history, this new startup has seen all of the flaws associated with traditional 3D printing technologies and has the skills essential to address those flaws. It’s no real surprise after that that Longworth Venture Companions and SB Capital supplied Rize with $4 million in seed financing and that ADP provides attracted such a visible customer as Reebok.

The Future of ADP:

In the near term, Rize is prepping for the state discharge of the Rize One. After shipping out its very first five products in August and September, the company will begin the full release in Q4 of this year. Rize plans to sell the Rize One with a price of $19, 000, though an all-inclusive package will be sold for about $25, 000.

This price competes with the Stratasys uPrint, which has a roughly $19, 000 price tag. With a larger build level of 12 in X 8 in X 6 in (300 mm X 200 mm X 150 mm) and prints that don’t require post-processing, nevertheless, the worthiness of the Rize may go beyond that of the 8 in x 8 in x 6 in (203 mm x 203 mm x 152 mm) uPrint.

In the even more distant future, it’s clear that people can expect new components, new 3D printer models, plus some very exciting applications. HP may need to keep its eye with this 3D printing startup just.

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Virtual Seat Solution 2016 Expands Aeronautics and Automotive Seat Design Tools

From in-flight enjoyment and Wi-Fi choices to food options and seating arrangements, the differentiations between one airline and another haven’t been as distinctive for travellers as they are today. As the quality of in-flight enjoyment and food choices are definitely important, perhaps nothing can dictate a flight encounter quite like the comfort and ease of an airplane seat.

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Virtual Seat Solution 2016 supports multiple virtual prototyping processes ranging from manufacturability and safety to passenger comfort. (Image courtesy of the ESI Group. )

Aiming to streamline the design, testing and certification process of airplane seating, the Virtual Seat Solution from the ESI Group has helped designers and manufacturers virtually prototype concepts without the need for costly physical prototypes.

Avoid Reinventing Parts for Automotive Seats:

For its latest release, Virtual Seat Solution 2016, the ESI Group has included numerous improvements to the virtual prototyping software solution.

One improvement includes the opportunity to reuse modeled elements through the iteration phase previously. The component parameters governing these reused parts could be changed because the final design of the seating evolves also. This new guided strategy streamlines the process of generating new seat ideas while preserving important design details during the development process.

Another time saver is definitely that the software automatically updates the performance details of the seat as the engineer adds new components.

With updated certification guidelines built directly into the software, engineers can also build seat designs virtually based on set parameters without the headache of finding out after producing a physical prototype that the design won’t meet regulations.

In total, the updates add even more flexibility to the existing capabilities of the software, including simulating living space, static and thermal comfort of passengers along with the ability to simulate in-flight vibrations.

“Virtual prototyping is a proven industrial approach to precertify the manufacturing process and performance of an innovative product, such as our Titanium seat, ” stated Vincent Tejedor, CTO of Expliseat. “Our experience dealing with the ESI Group’s Virtual Chair Solution confirms the performance of this solution in accelerating innovation. Virtual Seat Alternative has helped us drastically decrease the development time normally necessary to design an innovative product and contains allowed us to raise the business enterprise value of our corporation in record time! ”

Ensuring Automotive Seats Are Around Code with Simulation:

The brand new release of the Virtual Seat Solution sees improvements for the design of automotive chairs also. Engineers may use the guided seat design generation tool to greatly help define new chair reuse and concepts parts.

The simulation tool may also look into whiplash testing to make sure passengers and drivers will undoubtedly be safe. This whiplash testing is compatible with ChinaNCAP, EuroNCAP and JNCAP requirements.

Engineers can also use a new BioRID II v3. 0 dummy in their virtual prototype screening and in a new seat positioning tool to adjust the chair into configurations that meet up with industry standards.

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Engineering a Better Earplug

Flare Audio has the mindset that people should enjoy pure sound, undistorted. They try to design and build products around the principle of waveform integrity – the signal moving into a system is the same as the sound wave that comes out of a system. The company is running a highly successful campaign for ISOLATE – solid titanium micro ear plugs design to isolate the listener from noise.

The plugs are available in both aluminum and titanium bases, with ear foams as the material to touch an user’s ear. The product claims that traditional earplugs absorb sound waves filtering out some waves while letting others pass. ISOLATE plugs have the ability to block the sound waves and invite your ears to carry out the sound instead altogether. Three different sizes of ear foams can be found to support every ear canal currently.

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Designing around the basic proven fact that lower frequencies can product a lot more energy, the plugs seek to totally block the reduced energy sounds to safeguard an user’s ears from longterm damage. The safety element gives more chance for the plugs to be utilized in a developing or racing environment, and may also have the ability to help users to settle a louder environment. The guideline that I’ve heard is 85 decibels as the upper limit for safe sound and Flare seems to use that threshold as well.

The ear plugs have a patent pending design but the campaign page says that no electronics are used in the assembly. I’m uncertain if which means the patent depends on the geometry of the plug’s base or when there is a novel method that the material has been used or manufactured. The comments section mentions many times that testing was completed in-house that can’t be released to the general public but independent laboratory tests will be conducted and released in the coming months.

It’s great to see a recognised company continue to develop services which are unique in design and in addition conscious of safety. Utilizing a complete redesign method of any object, actually earplugs, can result in new ideas. On August 14 and first devices are anticipated to ship in September the marketing campaign will be funded, 2016.

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Touch Probing, Roughness Measurement and More

Heidenhain Touch Probe Alternative:

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The TS 642 touch probe replacement. (Image thanks to Heidenhain. )

Just one wrong swivel and it’s done: the touch probe collides badly with the workpiece or the chuck. To ensure that such a collision no longer leads to a prolonged machine standstill, Heidenhain now offers the TS 642, an universal replacement for the contact probes of the company’s TS 6xx series.

If the collision happens with among Heidenhain’s known touch probes-TS 640, TS 641, TS 649 or TS 632-the TS 642 can be acquired as an universal alternative. This common probe reduces the clients ‘ stocking of spare parts since it can replace all the contact probes of the TS 6xx series. Therefore only one model needs to be in stock.

Furthermore, the initial transceiver can remain within the machine and all of the original cables can also be used. Even the styluses are compatible. After an exchange, the existing taper shank can continue to be used.

The properties of the TS 642 correspond essentially to those of the known touch probes but with the following extras:

Sensor technology with a service life of at least 5 million probes
Integrated workpiece cleaning jets functioning with air or coolant
Longer battery living and flexible using various batteries
Large infrared range around 7 m with wide transmitting angle

Mahr Federal Roughness Measuring Device:

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The MarSurf PS10 roughness measuring unit. (Image thanks to Mahr Federal. )

Mahr shall introduce the brand new MarSurf PS 10 Roughness Measuring Device at IMTS 2016. The MarSurf PS 10 is really a practical roughness measuring device for mobile use. Utilizing a smartphone-like 4. 3″ TFT touchscreen display, the unit is made to be fast, user-friendly and intuitive.
The new generation MarSurf PS 10 design measures 31 roughness parameters, offers a list of “favorite” functions in the display and provides laboratory- level performance on the shop floor.

“The portable MarSurf PS 10 offers a perfect entry into the world of surface measurement, ” said George Schuetz, Director Precision Gages for Mahr Federal. “Weighing in at just a pound, the unit’s display adjusts to allow users to measure in all positions – horizontally, vertically or upside down. In addition , the unit can be installed on a measuring stand to supply a stationary roughness measuring device for small workshops. ”

The measuring unit is supposed for quick roughness testing in and on a device while in production. It is ideal for use in high quality assurance of switched and milled parts, surface and honed workpieces, on large machines, large workpieces or for use with incoming inspection. Auto cutoff choice is made to ensure proper measurement outcomes by the non-metrologist even.

The number of measuring applications is expanded by the capability to remove the commute unit from the MarSurf PS 10 and operate it separately from the display, providing an individual with an increase of flexibility. The drive also includes built-in “Vees” to aid small diameter parts through the measurement routine. Optional probes for various measuring tasks enable the measurement of gears and heavy measuring points such as in grooves or bores. The battery pack recharges in 1 . 5 hours and enables over 1, 200 measurements per charge.

Measuring data from the MarSurf PS 10 can be saved in TXT, X3P, CSV, or PDF formats as finished measuring records with no additional software. A Mahr calibration certificate is roofed in the scope of delivery, and error-free measurements are made probable by the removable and integrated calibration standard.

Marposs Optical Measuring Option:

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The Optoquick M60 optical measuring solution. (Image thanks to Marposs. )

Marposs shall introduce its most recent add-on to the industrial gauging solutions portfolio in IMTS-2016. Optoquick is really a high-precision gauging solution designed for the shop floor environment and integrating Marposs multi-sensing technologies. Optoquick is intended to help line operators with fast and precise quality control of shafts directly beside the manufacturing machines.
In addition to any typical optical measurements, as diameters, radii or run-outs, the Optoquick can inspect concave and key-slots profiles unavailable through shadow casting analysis.

Optoquick features wide measuring range, part capacity around 1200 mm in length, motorized tailstock for part guide and change in addition to automatic loading options. Multiple gauging programs could be loaded into a single device, enabling the operator to gauge different components in sequence by scanning a barcode to immediately activate the proper measuring setup.

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Inside the Optoquick. (Image thanks to Marposs. )

“In design, we targeted the most demanding needs for precision gauging controls in the shop floor” states Roland Lang, sales and marketing manager of the flexible gauging systems at headquarters. “ We have worked hard on the core gauging technologies with the goal to overcome traditional trade-offs and to develop a superior solution for the. Activities like loading and handle of a new component or validating a gauging outcome are fast as practical for operators , nor require any specialized expertise. ”

Methods Machine Equipment Digital Optical Comparator:

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The 700 Collection VisionGauge digital comparator. (Image thanks to Methods Machine Tools. )

Methods Machine Equipment, Inc. will showcase the brand new extended-travel 700 Collection VisionGauge Digital Comparator.
The brand new extended travel machine includes a 24” x 24” x24” envelope and tilt and rotary axes located in a trunnion configuration, that may accommodate parts weighing up to 100 lbs. The system configuration is suitable for larger and heavier parts such as those found in the Industrial Gas Turbine business.

The 700 Series VisionGauge has 5 axes of motion (X, Y, Z Rotary and Tilt) to enable an user to accurately view parts from all sides and is fully automated, eliminating operator-to-operator variation and potential error.

The 700 series can be used for the inspection of EDM and laser-drilled cooling holes, automatically verifying hole presence and also measuring hole location and geometry and has the ability to measure complex parts produced via additive manufacturing. It works with both circular and shaped holes and is effective in both coated and uncoated components equally.

An ultra-bright, computer-controlled multi-angle, multi-quadrant and all-LED illumination with a programmable, computer-controlled system is regular on all machines. The operational system has built-in 5-axis corrections and powerful fixture correction, along with full 3D mapping.

Introduced in 2014, the initial 700 Series VisionGauge includes a 12”x12”x12” envelope and a tilt and rotary phase assembly that’s mounted in a cantilever construction. This is ideal for inspecting smaller, lightweight components such as blades, vanes and temperature shields in the aerospace market .

“We’re pleased that the 700 Series VisionGauge now offers an extended-travel version that can inspect large, heavy parts. This fills a definite need in the inspection and measurement world, ” said Steve Bond, national sales manager, Methods Machine Tools, Inc.

The VisionGauge has an optical system designed for an extended depth of field, providing clarity and focus of a part’s geometry regardless, in addition to a lengthy working distance. The machine has adaptive feature-detection software equipment that locate holes and slot machines on different surfaces with varied reflectivity and at different viewing angles. That is useful when coping with burrs and splatter especially.

VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators certainly are a fully-digital drop-in alternative to traditional optical comparators. The comparators function straight with the part’s CAD data and do not require any overlays, Mylars or templates. Systems are Windows-based and delivered network-ready in a shop-floor, “rolling cart” configuration.

The comparators can be set up to automatically collect complete electronic documentation and device history for SPC and quality compliance purposes. VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators allow users to compare a part to its CAD data automatically in real time. VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators are available in vertical and horizontal configurations and are exclusively distributed throughout North America by Methods Machine Tools, Inc.

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New on the Shop Floor: 5-Axis Machining and Additive Manufacturing

AIM Center of Excellence for 5-Axis Machining:

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The brand new Belotti 5-axis machine. (Image thanks to AIM Altitude. )

Part of the Purpose Altitude aircraft interiors group, Purpose Composites is investing in a new Belotti 5-axis milling machine for the high- rate trimming of complex moulded parts. This will be housed alongside an existing UNITEAM 5-axis, fresh measurement equipment and assisting software.
Chris Leese- Solid wood, managing director at Goal Composites, said: “ The majority of our projects for the AIM Altitude Group, and also outside customers, require significant amounts of 5-axis machining. It is, therefore , important that we invest in an in-house capability. This will support our current production needs, combined with the anticipated future increase in this part of our work. Typically, we run hundreds of one-off components each complete month to complete an individual ship-set of parts. These small batch-sizes imply that quick turnaround and setup of components is crucial. ”

With the target to supply a “Centre of Excellence” for complex 5-axis trimming of components, AIM obtained a purposely-configured machine from Belotti. Furthermore, the UNITEAM 5-axis device has been transferred from Purpose Altitude’s Cabin Interiors division.

“Both machines offer significant capabilities to both our external and internal composites customers, ” said Leese-Wood.

The investment includes associated software and equipment to aid the new processes. The machine has long been configured with MSP probing also, make it possible for in-process validation and probing.

Proto Labs Expands Additive Production with Concept Laser:

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Concept Laser’s Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines inside Proto Labs’ factory. ( Image courtesy of Proto Labs. )

In anticipation of the expansion of its 3D printing service and the grand opening of its fresh facility, Proto Labs, Inc. offers chosen Concept Laser to be the anchor of its metallic additive manufacturing center.
Proto Labs will integrate multiple Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines into its new 77, 000 sq . ft. facility later this year. The LaserCUSING technology is intended to complement its existing portfolio of industrial 3D printing, CNC machining and injection molding processes.

“Our business is built on a foundation of rate, efficiency, and delivering a superior quality of parts. Concept Laser metal powder-bed systems provide us with the ability to deliver on that promise to our customers, ” mentioned Rob Connelly, Proto Labs’ vice president of additive making. “The Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines from Concept Laser beam enable us to produce with a number of reactive and nonreactive metal powders in a variety of build volumes. ”

“ Optimum throughput without compromise to high quality is among the competitive advantages our devices offer. The integration of basic safety features, like the closed-loop material handling program together with the patented passivated filter-change mechanism, minimizes the operator’s contact with streamlines and powders the procedure, ” said John Murray, cEO and president of Concept Laser beam Inc.

LaserCUSING systems may use a number of alloys, enabling prototypes to be functional hardware made out of the same material as manufacturing components. Since the components are built layer by layer, it is possible to design internal features and passages that could not be cast or otherwise machined.

Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines produce full-strength, functional metal components with the potential to changeover into metallic injection molding when increased manufacturing is needed.

Sciaky to provide Electron Beam Additive Manufacturing System to EWI:

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The 110 EBAM system. ( Picture courtesy of Sciaky. )

Sciaky, Inc., a subsidiary of Phillips Service Sectors, Inc. and provider of metallic additive manufacturing (AM) solutions, lately announced that EWI bought an Electron Beam Additive Production (EBAM) system.
EWI can be an engineering and technology corporation in North America dedicated to developing, testing and implementing advanced manufacturing technologies for industry.

Sciaky and EWI will work together to produce prototype parts for manufacturers in a variety of industries across the U. S. Both companies plan to co-market their metal 3D printing capabilities to the marketplace.

“Sciaky is very excited to work with an innovator such as EWI, ” said Mike Riesen, Common Supervisor of Sciaky, Inc. “Beyond basically selling an EBAM program to EWI, Sciaky shall collaborate with EWI to advance and promote EBAM technology into mutual areas of interest. New applications and solutions will undoubtedly be discovered under this thrilling partnership surely. ”

Sciaky’s EBAM systems can make parts which range from 203 mm (8”) to 5. 79 m (19’) long, but can produce smaller and larger components also, depending on the application. The machine has gross deposition rates ranging from 3. 18 to 9. 07 kg (7 to 20 lbs. ) of metal per hour.

In addition, a dual wirefeed option enables two different metal alloys to be combined into a single melt pool to create “custom alloy” parts or ingots. The mixture ratio of the two materials can also be changed to create “graded” parts or structures.

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The Form 2 3D Printer: Affordable Industrial SLA On Your Desktop

Formlabs entered the 3D printing market with an enormous splash inside 2013 with the proper execution 1 stereolithography (SLA) 3D printer, probably the most funded crowdfunding tasks ever going to Kickstarter. Since then, the company significantly is continuing to grow, expanding into the international marketplace, launching its flagship device, the proper execution 2, with a developing type of functional resins for 3D publishing.

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The Proper Execution 2 from Formlabs can be an affordable desktop SLA 3D printer with high res. (Image thanks to Formlabs. )

The Form 2 may be the most recent version of the flagship 3D printer from Formlabs. The desktop-sized SLA system includes a build level of 5. 7 in × 5. 7 in × 6. 9 in (145 mm × 145 mm × 175 mm), which is 40 percent larger than the previous Form 1+. Featuring a 250-MW laser (50 percent stronger than that of the Form 1+) with a spot diameter of 140 microns, the Form 2 has improved resolution over its predecessor and is capable of layer thicknesses as fine as 25 microns (. 001 in ). A cost of $3, 499 makes the Form 2 competitive with more expensive industrial SLA machines.

Other features include an automated resin system, with which new material cartridges fill the resin tank while an object is printing automatically. The Form 2 furthermore improves on the proper execution 1+ through the add-on of a sliding peel system with a wiper and heated resin container, enabling the fabrication of bigger solid parts with fine information.

An integral Wi-Fi and touchscreen connectivity help make the proper execution 2 office and workshop set, allowing users to remotely deal with the printer. Formlabs’ PreForm software, incorporated with the printer, has auto-orientation and smart support generation built in.

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Parts printed on the Form 2 3D printer. (Image courtesy of Formlabs. )

Since initially spun out of MIT, Formlabs has developed not only a highly regarded 3D printer, but also its own line of photopolymer resins. These include Formlabs’ standard clear, white, grey and black formulations, as well as functional resins, which range from castable, tough and flexible components to the biocompatible Oral SG resin.

The way the Form 2 Works:

The Form 2 can be an SLA 3D printer, and therefore it focuses a laser beam onto photosensitive resin to be able to fabricate parts. In the entire case of the proper execution 2, this laser is a 250-mW, 40-nm violet laser, which is directed at a series of mirrors mounted to a custom-designed galvanometer system that bounces the UV light onto the resin. The resin is located in a heated tank sitting above an optical windows. As the light hits the resin, it is instantly hardened.

The print bed is then raised up in increments, allowing the next layer of resin to be cured. With each layer, the optical window slides from side to side, enabling a clean separation of the proper component from the resin tray inside the tank. Next, a wiper wipes the certain area, ensuring an spread of materials for the next layer even.

These features, not contained in the Form 1+, allow for a greater print success rate and for the printing of larger parts. The new side-peeling mechanism prevents prints from getting stuck to the resin tray, while the wiper prevents excess material from blocking the laser as it attempts to harden the proceeding layers.

Unlike extrusion-based desktop technology, which produces less detailed objects at slow speeds relatively, SLA is known because of its high resolution, smooth surface finish and fast printing pace relatively. The use of a laser beam makes SLA perfect for very fine features, though it could not be quite as quick as digital light processing technology.

The Form 2 in Action:

In developing a line of “Smart Nursery” products, a company called Rest Devices has relied on the Form 2 3D printer to prototype products and create jigs and fixtures because of its manufacturing operations. Specifically, Relaxation Devices leveraged the proper execution 2 for creating the Mimo Smart Baby Monitor, designed to provide parents with information about their infant’s sleeping styles.

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The Mimo keep track of snaps onto a baby’s clothes. (Image courtesy of Formlabs. )

The Mimo device consists of a plastic turtle, which houses sensors for monitoring a baby’s heart rate and sleeping position. Rest Products utilized the technology to create jigs for pressing magnets in to the bottom of the turtle. The business also utilized the printer to fabricate a rig for programming circuit boards with a surveillance camera and computer vision to identify the ID on each Mimo.

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Products 3D prints jigs and fittings to in-house produce goods. (Image thanks to Formlabs. )

Rest Devices is really a small operation, which styles and tests its items in-house before dealing with a contract producer. Having a desktop computer 3D printer in-house boosts production, while reducing price. As Rest Products engineer Silas Hughes elaborated, “3D printing [ will be ] an intrinsic part to how the items developed, how we consider developing and how exactly we manufacture. ” He added, “ Inside our manufacturing process, if we weren’t using 3D printing, simply put, it would take longer and it would cost more money. ”

Thomas Lipoma, founder of Rest Devices, spoke to the qualities of the Form 2 . “We are definitely a big fan of Formlabs and 3D printing in general. We have used every type of commercial 3D printing available and one of the big advantages [of the Form 2] is the level of quality for the price, ” Lipoma said. “With the proper execution 2 we are able to get an top quality extremely, high resolution printing on a small desktop system that is very reasonable. In addition , selection of print materials is unparalleled with regards to the different material qualities we are able to achieve. ”

Lipoma added, “ I’d say that, as the Form 2 gives top quality prints extremely, the print time along with the final cleaning/curing can take a bit of time and energy. ”

Manufacturer: Formlabs

Model: Form 2

Material: Standard clear, white, grey and black resins; functional castable, flexible and tough resins; biocompatible Dental SG resin

Build Envelope: 145 mm × 145 mm × 175 mm (5. 7 in × 5. 7 in × 6. 9 in)

Layer Thickness: 25µ (. 001 in )

Printer Dimensions: 342. 9 mm x 330. 2 mm x 520. 7 mm (13. 5 in × 13 in × 20. 5 in)

Printer Weight: 13 kg (28. 5 lbs)

Recommended Uses: Rapid prototyping; 3D printing castable items, such as jewelry, electronic components and dental crowns; producing jigs and fixtures

Machine Price: USD$3, 499

Who Should Use the Form 2:

The Form 2 is an affordable high-resolution professional desktop 3D printer, rendering it perfect for any continuing business seeking to increase production through in-house prototyping. Businesses can leverage the proper execution 2 for short run production of custom goods. Because of the Form 2’s precision, Oral jewelers and labs can 3D print castable models for jewelry and crowns. Readers can demand a free of charge sample part printed on an application 2 from Formlabs here.

Why You Wouldn’t you utilize the Form 2:

Those searching for a printer with the capacity of mass manufacturing and fabricating large- level objects may want to look for a bigger machine.

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Whether you're an apprentice, skilled craftsman, designer, retired engineer or simply someone with an interest in engineering the Association offers something for everyone.